The lobes

Reading instructions
To get the most out of this learning tool, please read:
Bear, Mark F, Connors, Barry W., Paradiso, Michael A. Neuroscience : exploring the brain. - 2 ed.
Chapter 7 page 163-252

Illustrations and anmimation

The surface of the cerebral hemispheres is folded and forms fissures and sulci where some divide the cortex into different lobes.

Frontal lobe/ lobus frontalis
The frontal lobes are functionally dived into two major areas. The anterior part, the prefrontal cortex, is important in higher mental functions and in the determination of personality. The posterior part of the frontal lobe is divided into a premotor and motorarea. In the motor area movement is actually produced whereas the movements are modified in the premotor area.

Temporal lobe/ lobus temporalis
The temporal lobes have numerous functions. The auditory cortex is located on the lateral superior parts and the hippocampus form the medial parts of the temporal lobes. The speech area is located on the left side of the brain in right-handed individuals.

Parietal lobe / lobus parietalis
The parietal lobes are located behind the frontal lobes. Immediately behind the central sulcus/ulcus centralis is the primary sensory cortex that controls sensation, such as touch, pressure, and localisation of objects that touch the skin. Behind this area is a large association area that controls sensations as judgement of size, shape texture and weight.

Occipital lobe/ lobus occipitalis
The occipital lobes are concerned with vision. The medial sides of the lobes deal with primary visual reception whereas the rest of the lobes are involved in visual recognition of shape, size and colour.